Nissin 360 TW
I use this flash as my secondary flash. My father has bought this
flash in beginning of 80's. The flash has guide number 36 and it has
90º bounce and 360º swivel. Originally it had three color
filters and diffuser (for wider flash) and condenser (for more flash
power in tele applications). The flash also has secondary smaller flash,
which can be turned on and off. In my opinion it has too much power
and when I have used it, scenes look like they have been lighted with
Because I get far too many questions about this flash via mail, I had
to write FAQ about it. In this FAQ is all I know about this flash and I
will not be able to tell you anything more about it via email. And since
I don't have manual for this flash I cannot quarantee that this information
is 100% correct, but I have taken several hundret photos with different
cameras and in different situations successfully.
Q: Could you send me a manual of the flash ? Where can I find the
manual for this flash ? etc.
I don't have manual for this flash and since manufacturing of this
flash have been stopped something like 10 year before internet, it's
highly unlike that you could find the manual in electronic format unless
someone have scanned it.
Since the flash is just an basic aperture
automatic flash, no manual is not necessarily needed. Just read basic
photography books and you will understand how aperture automatic flash
Q: How to use the flash in aperture automatic mode ?
1. Set the flash M/A selector to A setting
2. Select flash power level from the three way selector
(Yellow, Green, Red)
3. Set the lower slider of the so that the full circle is at the same
ASA number as your film speed. In the photo on this page I have used
ASA 50 film (Velvia) and the lower slider is in that setting.
4. Set the camera to use the aperture that the lower slider and the
vertical colored lines between the sliders tell you to use. In the
example photo I have used Red power lever and ASA 50, and from that
information and properly set slider I can see that I have to use
aperture F2. If I would have used Green power level, then the aperture
would have to be set to F2.
(5. Test that the flash has enough power for selected settings, by
pressing the small white button on the food of the flash. If the green
indicator on the left side of the flash turns to green then the flash
has enough power.)
6. Take the photo.
Take into concideration these thinks while using any aperture automatic
- flash has just an idiot circuit, which cuts off the flash after certain
amount of light has reflected back to the sensor (in front of the flash
naturally). This circuitry is as idiot as central weighted metering in
cameras. For example if you are photographing person with bright white
shirt, you will propably end up underexposed face. You have to compensate
according to the situation and scene.
- while using aperture automatic mode you can bounce the flash any way you
like and the exposure will be correct (if settings are correct, and you
have compensated the scene in the settings)
Q: How to use the flash in manual mode ?
I haven't used this flash (or any flash) not much in manual mode, sometimes
for fill in flash but not much more. Basically you have two ways to do it:
by calculating the aperture from distance and guide number or just use the
sliders in camera. The first method is explained in all basic photography
books and I will not start telling about it in here, maybe in technique
section. The using of sliders goes like this:
1. Measure distance (or read it from camera) and set the top slider to T,
N or W position depending, which acessory filter you are using with camera.
If none if used, use N mode. In example picture W is selected (W = wide
2. Set the power level of flast to full power, half power or quarter power
(full circle, half circle, quarter circle)
3. Set the lower slider according to film speed and power level used.
4. Select camera aperture from reading down from the top slider. In example
photo I used Full power with ASA 50 film, and for example if the distance
would be 6.5 meters, I would have selected F2.8. Also from same picture you
take another example: half power, ASA 200 and for example at three meters
it would require us to use the aperture F5.6
When using for fill in flash I recommend to use 1 to 1.5 stops smaller than
the recommended. For example if I'm using Velvia (ASA 50) and using full
power and the distance from flash to subject is 3 meters I would use aperture
F8 or something between F8 and F11 (the "correct" aperture would be 5.6)
Q: Can I use Nissin 360 TW with camera X ?
This flash can be used all cameras, which are able to send the sync signal
via hotshoe or via PC-cord (PC is not Personal Computer in this case,
it't the normal sync connector, which can be found from most of the cameras).
And of course you have to be able to control the exposure manually or
atleast the aperture have to be set manually. Nissin has 10 sync voltage
and it should not be harmfull to any cameras, I have used Nissin in my G1,
which by Canon specs cannot handle more than 6 volts, for thousands of shots.
Q: How long batteries will last ?
It depends on batteries and how much power you are using. I mostly use
low flash power since I use fast lenses with small depth of field. And
I also use flash for fill in purposes (also small power needed). In my use
normal batteries have lasted for 100 to 150 photos and NiMh rechargeable
batteries I have got 200 to 500 photos and the flash recharge time is
about twice as fast compared to normal batteries.